May 2014

La Querencia: Agriculture, Culture, and the Creation of Meaning in Northern New Mexico


Maclovia Quintana


People have been farming in northern New Mexico for generations running into centuries, my own family among them. When I first came to Yale in 2007, I did not expect that I would eventually end up studying the very place I came from. But this is the nature of New Mexico—you may leave, but it never leaves you. Now, as a Masters student at the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, I have focused my research on small-scale agriculture in northern New Mexico, on the way that it has changed over time, but most importantly on the way that we have so consistently turned to farming to inform our own identities. Most of my research has focused on better understanding what motivates practicing farmers, with the hope that this would illuminate new pathways for bringing more people into agriculture.


In northern New Mexico, agriculture is culture. Farming has been practiced continuously here for so long because it is a self-constitutive process: people derive meaning from agriculture and in turn imbue it with meaning, and are therefore motivated to continue farming. This meaning is best understood through the concept of querencia. Querencia, a Spanish word, means literally “beloved place.” In northern New Mexico, querencia particularly invokes the connection to place and love of the land that is produced through agricultural practice. Querencia informs a situated identity for many people in northern New Mexico, even those whose livelihoods are no longer particularly rural.


Querencia roots us to a particular place, to the physical and cultural landscape of rural northern New Mexico. Northern New Mexicans feel a strong sense of place, a connection to the landscape that is largely rooted in the historical continuity of agricultural practice here. Author Keith Basso describes sense of place as “the idea of home… of entire regions and local landscapes where groups… have invested themselves… and to which they feel they belong.” In northern New Mexico, we have invested ourselves in the landscape through agriculture; we belong to this place that quite literally sustains us—both physically and culturally.


Querencia situates someone in place and in time. It is memory experienced through the landscape. Modern farmers in northern New Mexico are connected not only to the land that they use, but also to the history of land use in the region. They take pride in actively continuing that tradition. Querencia informs not only identity, but also a practical land ethic. This situated love of the land, a product of a long history of continuous land use, creates the basis for appropriate land management.


Querencia can be produced through other land-based activities, but it is most directly manifested in agriculture. There has been a continuous farming practice for hundreds of years in northern New Mexico. Many current farmers are using land that has been in their families for generations. They plow the same fields their great-grandparents did, and irrigate from the same acequias. Their connection to the land is based in a living tradition.


In northern New Mexico, our sense of querencia ties us to the past and gives us hope for the future. The fate of small-scale agriculture seems tenuous everywhere, and in particular in New Mexico. The growing season is becoming shorter and drier as the reality of climate change becomes undeniable. We are losing old farmers faster than we can replace them with young ones. Maintaining optimism can be daunting. And yet if you take a moment to sit on the banks of the acequia on a summer evening, to look over your rows of garlic, the chile ripening from green to red, you can feel how deeply rooted agriculture is in the landscape—and how deeply we are rooted because of that. Any farmer will tell you how difficult the work of farming is, and yet they keep doing it. It is a labor of love in the truest sense, born of a love of place, a love of tradition, and an enduring commitment to preserve both.



To think of it

Not as the weeding

But as the harvest

This is what we’re here for.


I am driven

To distraction

By hoping.


I am trying to remember

That fear is not productive.


Weeding is productive,

But not when done with dread.

Happiness is

Managing expectations

Translating hope into action

Action into meditation

Flipping the coin

To find the side that isn’t rusted.


Anticipate the best

That the bindweed will turn to carrots in your hands

That your hope will turn


To joy.






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